‘Īd-ul-Adhā

‘Īd-ul-Adhā

By Shaykh-ul-Hadīth, Hadrat Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh

Night of ‘Īd

The nights of both ‘Īds are amongst the great and sacred nights in the Islamic calendar. The night of ‘Īd-ul-Adhā is from those nights the oath of which Allāh ta‘ālā has taken in the Glorious Qur’ān. To remain awake during this night and perform ‘ibādah is a source of great virtue and reward. The ‘ibādah of this night is equal to the worship of Laylatul-qadr.

Sayyidunā Abū Umāmah radhiyallāhu ‘anhu reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said:

Whosoever stays awake and performs ‘ibādah (worship) on the nights of the two ‘Īds, with hope for reward (from Allāh ta‘ālā), his heart will not die on the day (i.e. Qiyāmah) when hearts will be dead.’ (Ibn Mājah)

Imām Shāfi‘ī rahimahullāh reports that it would be said,

Indeed du‘ā is accepted on five nights: The night of Jumu‘ah (i.e. Thursday night), the night of ‘Īdul-Adhā, the night of ‘Īdul-Fitr, the first night of Rajab and the night of the middle (i.e. 15th) of Sha‘bān. (Al-Umm, Shu‘abul-Īmān)

Day of ‘Īd

The day of ‘Īd is from amongst the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, therefore every person should strive to carry out as many good deeds as possible on that day too.

Sayyidunā Abū Hurayrah radhiyallāhu ‘anhu related that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said,

On no days is the worship of Allāh more beloved to Him than in the (first) ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. (At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)

Sayyidunā ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar radhiyallāhu ‘anhumā related that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said,

No days are as weighty with Allāh and so liked by Him for good deeds than the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. So on these days increasingly read:

سُبْحَانَ اللهِ، وَلَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ، وَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ، وَالْحَمْدُ ِللهِ

Subhānallāh, wa lā ilāha illallāh, wallāhu akbar, wal-hamdulillāh.

Pure is Allāh (from all imperfections); there is no deity but Allāh; Allāh is the Greatest and all praise is for Allāh. (Musnad ‘Abd ibn Humayd, Shu‘abul-Īmān)

Note: Although it is better to recite the above-mentioned dhikr in the order mentioned in the Hadīth, it will also be sufficient to recite the third kalimah.

Udhiyah (Qurbānī)

Udhiyah is a practice commanded by Allāh ta‘ālā:

….so turn in prayer towards your Rabb and sacrifice (animals). (108:2)

Sayyidah ‘Ā’ishah radhiyallāhu ‘anhā reported that Rasulullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said:

The son of Ādam does not carry out on Yawmun-Nahr (10th Dhul-Hijjah) a deed more beloved to Allāh than the animal sacrifice. It (i.e. the sacrificed animal) shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allāh before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore, sacrifice with an open and happy heart. (At-Tirmidhī)

Sunan of the Day of ‘Īd

  1. To rise early.
  2. To clean the teeth with miswāk.
  3. To have a masnūn bath.
  4. To dress in one’s best garments in an Islamic manner.
  5. To use ‘itr.
  6. To avoid eating anything before ‘Īd salāh.
  7. To go early for ‘Īd salāh.
  8. To go walking for ‘Īd salāh.
  9. To read the takbīrāt of tashrīq in an audible voice while going for ‘Īd salāh.
  10. To use different routes to and from the place of ‘Īd salāh.
  11. To eat the meat of udhiyah from one’s own offering after the ‘Īd salāh.

Mas’alah: It is harām to fast on the 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th Dhul-Hijjah (i.e. ‘Īd day and three days after) and the day of ‘Īdul-Fitr.

The Method of ‘Īd Salāh

  1. Make niyyah of performing two raka‘āt wājib of ‘Īdul-Adhā behind the Imām with six additional wājib takbīrs.
  2. The first takbīr in the first rak‘ah is the takbīrut-tahrīmah which is followed by three additional wājib takbīrs. Raise your hands to the ears in all four takbīrs (saying the takbīr). However, after the first takbīr fold the hands under the naval and read thanā (subhānakallāhumma…). Thereafter, in the following two takbīrs raise the hands up to the ears and drop them on the sides and after the fourth takbīr fold them again.
  3. The Imām will recite Sūratul-Fātihah and another sūrah and perform rukū‘ and sajdah etc. as usual.
  4. In the second rak‘ah, after the recitation of Sūratul-Fātihah and another sūrah and before going into rukū‘, another three takbīrs will be called out. In all three takbīrs raise the hands to the ears and drop them on the sides and go into rukū‘ when the fourth takbīr is called out.

Note: Four takbīrs are said together in each rak‘ah; at the beginning of the first rak‘ah and before going into rukū‘ in the second rak‘ah. The easy method of remembering when to drop the hands and when to fold is mentioned hereunder:

a) keep the following general rule in mind: when there is something to be recited after a takbīr, the hands should be folded and when nothing is to be recited the hands are to be dropped to the sides.

b) or remember the following words: fold, drop, drop, fold, for the first rak‘ah and drop, drop, drop, rukū‘, for the second rak‘ah.

Mas’alah: It is wājib to say the takbīrāt of tashrīq after the ‘Īdul-Adhā salāh, according to a group of ‘Ulamā; therefore one should recite it after the salāh.

Mas’alah: Khutbah after the ‘Īd salāh is sunnah. However, listening to the khutbah is wājib for those who are present whilst the khutbah is being delivered.

When Arriving Late for the ‘Īd Salāh

If anyone arrives late for the ‘Īd salāh then:

a) If he joins the Imām in the first rak’ah after the Imām has said the three takbīrs, then whenever he joins he should say his three takbīrs immediately.

b) If he joins after the Imām has gone in rukū‘ and feels confident that he will join the Imām in rukū‘ after saying the three takbīrs, then he should complete the takbīrs before going into rukū‘.

c) If he is not confident, then he should immediately join the Imām in rukū‘ and say the three takbīrs instead of the tasbīh of rukū‘. Whilst saying the takbīrs in rukū‘, the hands will not be raised.

d) If the Imām rises from rukū‘ before the takbīrs are completed, the follower should also rise with the Imām and the takbīrs will be waived.

e) If anyone missed the first rak‘ah and joined the Imām in the second rak‘ah, then he should say the three takbīrs of the first rak‘ah when he gets up to perform the missed rak‘ah, but after reciting Sūratul-Fātihah and another sūrah.

f) If anyone joined the Imām in the second rak‘ah after rukū‘, then he should perform two raka‘āt as mentioned under the heading, ‘ The Method of ‘Īd Salāh’.

When ‘Īd Salāh is Missed

Mas’alah: If ‘Īd salāh is missed then it cannot be offered individually. Such a person will need to sincerely repent to Allāh ta‘ālā as performing Īd salāh is wājib.

Performing Nafl Salāh in the Morning of ‘Īd

Mas’alah: It is makrūh to offer nafl salāh, in the masjid where the ‘Īd salāh is to be performed, before or after the ‘Īd salāh. Hence, we should not perform nafl salāh such as ishrāq on ‘Īd day.

Mas’alah: It is also makrūh for both men and women to perform nafl salāh at home before the ‘Īd salāh, but it is not makrūh after the ‘Īd salāh.

© Islāmic Da’wah Academy